Buku Pedoman Pelaksanaan Tujuan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan dan Hak Asasi Manusia

INFID menerbitkan sebuah dokumen yang berjudul, “Pedoman Pelaksanaan Tujuan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan dan Hak Asasi Manusia, Menghubungkan Prinsip Hak Asasi Manusia Terhadap Target Pencapaian Agenda Tujuan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan”. Dokumen pedoman, yang kini berada di tangan anda ini, kami terbitkan sebagai salah satu referensi, maupun sumber informasi, bagi masyarakat sipil dalam melakukan advokasi Hak Asasi Manusia (HAM), melalui Tujuan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan (TPB/SDGs). Dengan kata lain, pelaksanaan dan pencapaian SDGs di Indonesia hendaknya disertai dengan penerapan prinsip-prinsip HAM, khususnya pada Tujuan 16.

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Human Rights in Cities Handbook Series

This handbook is a guide for housing and slum upgrading practitioners in using the human rightsbased approach in their interventions.

The realization of the human right to adequate housing of all urban residents is a prerequisite for inclusive and sustainable urban centres for all. Yet, almost 1 billion people of the world’s urban population live in inadequate housing conditions in slums and at least 2 million people in the world are forcibly evicted every year, while millions are threatened with forced evictions. Violation of the right to adequate housing leads to spatial fragmentation and increases the risk of a deficit of also other human rights, by groups who are discriminated, marginalized and excluded.

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Local Responses to Right-Wing Populism: Building Human Rights Cities

The recent growth and electoral success of right-wing populism can be attributed to economic insecurity resulting from the competitive, marketoriented processes of economic globalization and consumerist culture. Global economic policies, known as neoliberalism, emphasize global trade and finance over local and national economies, reduce government regulation and welfare spending, and privatize state functions. Such policies have encouraged the redistribution of wealth from working people and communities to global corporations and a growing transnational capitalist class, exacerbating economic inequality both within and between countries (Evans & Sewell, 2013; Harvey, 2005; Robinson, 2014).

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The promise and challenges of human rights cities

There is much at stake in cities engaging with and explicitly trying to realise human rights. For one, as of 2010, more of the world’s population lives in cities than in rural areas, with the numbers rising every year.

These cities face enormous challenges when it comes to enabling people from a variety of backgrounds to live together, including the spatial and social organisation involved, delivering the services needed and ensuring that the urban population can subsist. Additionally, over the past decades, decentralisation policies worldwide – whether sparked by neo-liberal austerity measures, a belief in the power of local authorities or both – have brought cities both unprecedented responsibilities and challenges in formulating and implementing social policies (Glaeser 2011; Graham et al. in this volume). The potential of cities to deliver where nation states have failed has become a central argument in an ever-expanding body of scholarship.

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Human Rights Cities: The Politics of Bringing Human Rights Home to the Local Level

Human rights cities provide a relevant case study of the politics of international law. The experiences of invoking human rights locally can clarify the benefits and drawbacks that can arise when framing policies based on human rights and when analysing social issues within the framework of international human rights law.

As Koskenniemi and others have argued, international law has ceased to be the language of international relations alone. Human rights cities explicitly base their municipal urban policies upon a particular vocabulary or strand of international law, namely international human rights law.

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Human Rights Cities: Motivation, Mechanisms, Implication—a Case Study of European HRCs

In January 2013, we embarked on an exciting road of studying and investigating a relatively new research topic: the phenomenon of human rights cities. We, that is, 19 student-researchers enrolling in the undergraduate research course ‘Human Rights Cities’ of University College Roosevelt. We studied literature, policy-papers, NGO reports, delved into the methods of qualitative research, did interviews in cities around Europe, analyzed data, and wrote explorative case studies on the human rights cities we visited: Barcelona, York, Gothenborg, Graz, Salzburg, Nantes and Budapest.

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Buku Panduan Human Rights Cities Edisi 2018

Lahirnya TAP MPR-RI Nomor XVII /MPR/1998 tentang Hak Asasi Manusia di awal-awal reformasi menandakan, bahwa Hak Asasi Manusia merupakan salah satu pilar penting, di samping pemberantasan korupsi. TAP MPR tersebut mengamanatkan agar Lembaga-lembaga Tinggi Negara dan seluruh Aparatur Pemerintah untuk menghormati, menegakkan dan menyebarluaskan pemahaman mengenai hak asasi manusia kepada seluruh masyarakat (Lihat Pasal 1 TAP MPR No XVII/ MPR/1998). Dalam Pasal 2, TAP MPR tersebut juga Menugaskan Presiden dan DPR untuk meratifikasi berbagai instrumen PBB tentang Hak asasi Manusia, sepanjang tidak bertentangan dengan Pancasila dan UUD 1945.

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Amicus Curiae Meiliana 2018

SELINTAS TENTANG AMICUS CURIAE

Amicus Curiae adalah istilah hukum yang secara harfiah berasal dari bahasa Latin yang berarti “friend of the court” atau “sahabat peradilan” (Aminah, 2014). Amicus Curiae merupakan konsep hukum yang berasal dari tradisi hukum Romawi, yang kemudian berkembang dan dipraktikkan dalam tradisi common law. Melalui mekanisme Amicus Curiae ini, pengadilan diberikan izin untuk mengundang pihak ketiga guna menyediakan informasi atau fakta-fakta hukum berkaitan dengan isu-isu yang belum lazim (Simpson & Vasaly, 2004).

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